Stigma, discrimination and adherence to treatment of children with HIV and AIDS. A bioethical perspective


  • Paola Conde Higuera Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
  • María Luisa Pimentel Ramírez Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
  • Adolfo Díaz Ávila Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México
  • Tomás Domingo Moratalla Universidad Complutense de Madrid


This article discloses the results of an research into the process of stigma and discrimination in children with HIV and aids, and the impact they have on adherence from a bioethics perspective. It is a deliberative hermeneutical study using narrative in primary caregivers and children, questionnaires were applied to determine them the presence of these variables. The interpretation of the data was performed according to the theory of Paul Ricoeur, on three occasions: respect and esteem; fulfilling relationships; and ethical and fair institutions. Eleven cases were studied: 6 boys and 5 girls of which only three were adherents: 2 and 1 respectively. Hypothesis was tested for the influence that stigma and discrimination have on adherence to treatment; detected cases coincided with those of non-adherence to treatment. Discussion of the problem was performed suggesting courses prudent action in all three levels. The importance in caring and esteem showed primary caregivers; as it influences the development and perception of the syndrome in children.


HIV, children, stigma, discrimination, treatment adherence