Obstetrics nemesis or decrease in risk? A bioethical debate on interventionist treatments in low risk childbirths

  • José Manuel Hernández Garre Universidad Católica de Murcia
  • Paloma Echevarría Pérez Universidad Católica de Murcia
  • María José Gomariz Sandoval Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca

Abstract

For decades in low-risk deliveries has been addressed, mainly in the clinical-hospital setting, from an interventionist perspective characterized by medicalization, mechanization and machining care. In this context the present study lies, whose aim was to explore the bioethical limitations of this interventionist paradigm of care through an analysis of its clinical pragmatism compared to other approaches more humanistic. For this it has conducted a thorough analysis of documents in different databases in the field of medical and social sciences, selecting both items of scientific diffusion as books, statements, strategies and clinical practice guidelines. The results show a medicalized care pattern appears to increase the iatrogenic effects in low-risk deliveries. We conclude that this is a culture of birth which, to some, it violates basic bioethical principles to subjugate the
dignity of female corporeality to contingent economic interests and transhumanists, biopolitics and taylorist ideologies reifying.
Keywords hospital birth, interventionist birth, medicalized birth, transhumanism
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How to Cite
Hernández Garre, J., Echevarría Pérez, P., & Gomariz Sandoval, M. (2017). Obstetrics nemesis or decrease in risk? A bioethical debate on interventionist treatments in low risk childbirths. Acta Bioethica, 23(1). Retrieved from https://actabioethica.uchile.cl/index.php/AB/article/view/46191/57732
Published
2017-06-05